广东省广东中考人教新目标(Go for it)九年级Units13-14教材梳理

参考答案

一、熟悉课文重点词汇和短语。 (广东省广东中考人教新目标(Go for it)九年级Units13-14教材梳理)

1. 单词翻译。

①乱扔;垃圾________  ②底部________  ③渔民________

④煤块________ ⑤丑陋的________ ⑥优点,有利条件________

⑦花费,价钱________  ⑧木制的,木头的________

2. 单词翻译。

①塑料的;塑料________ ②方法,措施________ ③残酷的;残忍的________ 

④有害的________  ⑤工业;行业________     ⑥法律;法规________    

⑦承担得起;买得起________  ⑧回收利用;再利用________ 

3. 单词翻译。

①瓶子________    ②主席;总统________ ③灵感;鼓舞人心的________    

④金属________   ⑤创造力________   ⑥调查________   

⑦标准;水平________   ⑧一排________

4. 单词翻译。

①指示,命令________    ②克服,战胜________   ③毕业________

④体贴人的________    ⑤级别高的________    ⑥课本________

⑦水平________   ⑧度数________  

5. 单词翻译。

①经理________  ②祝贺________   ③渴望的,口渴的________ 

④任务,工作________ ⑤向前面;在前面________ ⑥有责任心的________

⑦单独的;分离的________⑧ 翅膀________     ⑨典礼;仪式________

⑩两倍的________

6. 短语翻译。

①起作用;用影响________ ②参加________ ③关掉________

④付费;付出代价________ ⑤好好利用________

⑥扔掉;抛弃________ ⑦拆下;摧毁________ ⑧上下颠倒________

⑨恢复;使想起;归还________

7. 短语翻译。

①连续________                     ②弄得一团糟________   

③沉住气;保持冷静________ ④高中________    

⑤信任;信赖________           ⑥渴望;渴求________  

⑦在……前面________            ⑧对……有责任;负责任________

⑨出发;启程________

二、语法巩固。 (广东省广东中考人教新目标(Go for it)九年级Units13-14教材梳理)

8. I remember meeting all of you when you were just starting Grade 7 at this school.我记得在这所学校你们刚在七年级时遇见你们的情景。while与when是同义词,都可以用从属连词,引导状语从句表示时间,意思都是"当(在)……的时候",但二者之间是有区别的。

while与when的用法

①when的含义是at or during the time that,既可用于指一点时间(从句的谓语动词需用终止性动词),也可用于指一段时间(从句的谓语动词用延续性动词),从句与主句里面的谓语动词所表示的动作或状态能同时发生,或一先一后发生。

He wants to help people ________. 他想在人们生病的时候帮助他们。

________, the ship had already set off. 他到达上海时,轮船已经开走了。

②while的含义是during the time that,只能用于指一段时间(从句的谓语动词必须是延续性的),从句与主句里面的谓语动词所表示的动作只能同时发生,不能一先一后发生。

________, my mother was washing clothes. 我读书时,妈妈在洗衣服。

③这两个词还可以用作并列连词。when表示"在那时"或"这时",相当于and just at that time的意思,用来连接两个并列分句,有时when分句之前有逗号把前后两个分句分开。

I stayed till sunset,________. 我一直呆到太阳下山,这时天开始下雨了。

④while意为"而,却",表示对照关系。

Some like collecting stamps,________. 有些人喜欢集邮,而有些人却喜欢种花。

9. You have probably heard of Amy Hayes,but she is a most unusual woman.你可能听说过艾米·海耶斯,但是她是一位很不寻常的女性。

点拨: hear,hear from,hear of与hear that……的用法:

(1) hear单独使用表示"听见,听到",常用的结构有:

1)hear sb./sth."听到某人或某物的声音"。

I can't at all. 我根本就听不到你的声音。

Haven't you heard anything? 难道你没有听到什么声音?

2)hear sb. do sth."听到某人做某事"。

I often ;in the morning. 我经常在早晨听到李平读英语。

3)hear sb. doing sth."听到某人正在做某事"。

I ;in the next room.我听见他正在隔壁房间里唱歌。

注意:hear sb. do sth.指听到整个行动或整个事件;而hear sb. doing sth.是指听到了行动的一部分,有正在发生的意思。试比较:

I ;the stairs.我听到这个男孩走下楼去。

I;the stairs.我听到这个男孩下楼的声音。

(2) hear from意为"收到……的信;得到……消息"。

How often do you ;your father? 你每隔多久收到你父亲的信?

Have you still not ;him? 你还没有收到他的信吗?

I haven't ;since he telephoned.

自从他打电话以来,我一直没有他的消息。

注意:hear from的宾语是表示人的名词或代词,而不是表示信件的名词。

例如:我们好几个星期未收到他的信了。

误:We haven't heard from his letter for weeks.

正:We haven't heard from him for weeks.

正:We haven't got a letter from him for weeks.

(3) hear of意为"听说",后面接名词,代词或动名词。

I've never ;that before.我以前从未听说过那件事。

She disappeared and was never heard of again.

她不知去向了,再未听到她的消息。

(4) hear接从句,是"听说"的意思。

One day,in a town not far away. 一天,史密斯一家听说不远的镇里有一位好医生。

I hear that one of the pandas has a baby. 我听说其中一只熊猫生了个熊猫宝宝。

10. And the gate in front of her house is made of rocks and old glass bottles.她房子前面的门是由岩石和旧玻璃瓶制成的。

________意为"由……(原料)制成",后面一般接物质名词。接from则表示某物品制成后,已看不出原材料是什么,原材料在制作过程中已起了化学变化;接of表示某物品制成后,仍可看得出原材料,其原料在制作过程中仅起了物理变化。

Nylon ________ air,coal and water.尼龙是由空气,煤和水加工制成的。

The shoes ________ cloth.这鞋子是用布做的。

知识拓展

①be made up of表示某物或某组织由一种种成分或一个个成员组成。

The world ________ matter.世界是由物质构成的。

②be made into意为"把……做成……",主语在意义上为原材料,介词宾语在意义上为制成品。

Bamboo ________ paper.竹子也可以用来造纸。

③be made in意思是"在……(地点)制造",介词in后接产地。

This kind of computer ________ the USA.这种电脑是美国制造的。

④be made by意思是"由……制造",介词by后跟动作的执行者。

This model ship ________ Uncle Wang. 这个轮船模型是由王叔叔制作的。

三、单项选择。 (广东省广东中考人教新目标(Go for it)九年级Units13-14教材梳理)

11. Tom is ________ building a new factory in the city. It will pollute the water.
A . for B . against C . disagree D . agree
12. We will ________ you ________ the equipment.
A . offer;with B . provide;for C . provide;with D . give;for
13. They are ________ at the ________ thing.
A . surprise;surprised B . surprise;surprising C . surprising;surprised D . surprised;surprising
14. They are always very busy because they have ten children ________.
A . care about B . to care on C . care for D . to care for
15. Mary agreed ________ visit the old man,though she was busy.
A . to B . on C . with D . at
16. Don't forget to ________ the lights when you leave the room.
A . turn on B . turn down C . turn up D . turn off
17. — I can't stop playing computer games.

— For your health and study,my boy,I am afraid you ________.

A . can B . may C . must D . have to
18. Do you know how many manatees ___________?
A . there is B . there are C . is there D . are there
19. He used to ________ in the sun but now he is used to __________ at night.
A . read;read B . reading;read C . read;reading D . reading;reading
20. He has never ________ such a strange thing.
A . hear B . heard C . hear of D . heard of
21. Our classroom is about 5 meters ________.
A . long B . longer C . length D . longest
22. — ________ are you late for school?

— Never!

A . How often B . How long C . How soon D . How much
23. — John,someone in your class phoned you this morning.

— Oh,who was ________?

A . he B . she C . it D . that
24. Tom is a boy,but he is ________ shy.
A . kind B . a kind C . a kind of D . kind of
25. Bob runs ________ in our class.
A . fast B . faster C . the fastest D . fastest
26. Some of the swamps have become ________.
A . polluting B . to pollute C . pollute D . polluted
27. The average manatee is about ten ________ long and ________ 1,000 pounds.
A . feet;weighs B . foot;weigh C . foots;weighs D . feet;weigh
28. Linda forgot ________ the book,so she had nothing to read.
A . taking B . to take C . took D . take
29. That is ________ interesting book. You must read it.
A . most B . a most C . the most D . more
30. — How did you get the MP4,from a shop or by phone?

— ________. I always like shopping online.

A . None B . Neither C . Both D . All

四、完形填空。 (广东省广东中考人教新目标(Go for it)九年级Units13-14教材梳理)

31. 根据短文理解,从A、B、C、D四个选项中选择最佳答案填空。

   Mr Brown was a rich shopkeeper. He 1 a lot of money to his son Jim when he was dying. The young man often 2 his friends to dinner and several years later he spent all the money on the 3 food. Now he got into trouble and nobody came to see him. It made him 4 and he went to ask a clever old man for advice.

   "My money has 5 and my friends have gone," said the young man. "What will happen to me now?"

   "Don't 6,young man," answered the old man. "Everything will soon be all right. 7 and you will soon feel much happier."

   8 this,the young man was very glad. He asked,"Am I going to be 9 again then?"

   "No," said the old man. "I 10 you will soon get used to being poor and to having no friends."

五、短文填空。 (广东省广东中考人教新目标(Go for it)九年级Units13-14教材梳理)

32. 根据短文理解,填入适当的单词。

My biggest problem

   My biggest problem is that I am too busy. When I was young,I used to have ________ much time,but these days I get up early and ________ in school all day. ________ I go right home and eat dinner. ________ I started high school,I used to spend a lot of time ________ games with my friends,but I just don't have the time anymore. In the evening,I used to watch TV or ________ with my grandmother,but now I ________ to study. I love ________,and my father used to take me to the concerts. These days,I hardly ever have time for ________. I do homework and go to bed. I really ________ the old days.