广东省广东中考人教新目标(Go for it)九年级Units10-12教材梳理

参考答案

一、熟悉课文重点词汇和短语。 (广东省广东中考人教新目标(Go for it)九年级Units10-12教材梳理)

1. 单词翻译。

①风俗;习惯________   ②鞠躬;弯腰________   ③亲吻________

④和……打招呼________ ⑤重视,珍视________ ⑥首都,国都________

⑦很生气,疯掉________  ⑧护照________  ⑨海岸________

2. 单词翻译。

①季节________    ②敲;击________  ③东方的________

④值得________    ⑤方式;礼仪________   ⑥空洞的________

⑦基本的________    ⑧交换________    ⑨青少年的________

3. 单词翻译。

①(外)孙女________    ②表现,举止________  ③除……之外________

④逐步地;渐渐地________   ⑤青少年的________    ⑥建议________

⑦迫使________    ⑧最近,不久前________    ⑨友谊________

4. 单词翻译。

①君主,国王________    ②银行家________ ③苍白的________

④王后,女王________    ⑤检查;检验________    ⑥王宫________

⑦权利;力量________ ⑧财富________  ⑨阴沉的,灰暗的________

5. 单词翻译。

①柠檬________    ②重量,分量________   ③肩膀________

④球门,目标________    ⑤教练________   ⑥踢________

⑦而且________   ⑧勇气________  ⑨拉________

6. 单词翻译。

①使失望________   ②背包________   ③睡过头________

④错过________     ⑤出乎意料的________   ⑥街区________

⑦着火,燃烧________   ⑧有生气的________  ⑨西部的________

7. 单词翻译。

①奶油________  ②市场________    ③蠢人________

④窘迫的________   ⑤宣布________    ⑥发现,发觉________

⑦取消________    ⑧军官________     ⑨消失,不见________

8. 短语翻译。

①顺便访问________  ②按时________

③毕竟,终究________   ④全世界________

⑤大动肝火,气愤________ ⑥作出努力________

⑦把……擦掉________  ⑧脱下(衣服);(飞机)起飞________

⑨特地,格外努力________ ⑩使(某人)感到宾至如归________

9. 短语翻译。

①习惯于________   ②越……,越…… ________

③使失望;使略逊一筹________   ④开除________

⑤而不是________    ⑥齐心协力;通力合作________

⑦捎(某人)一程________  ⑧化妆舞会________

⑨赶到;露面________    ⑩卖光________

10. 短语翻译。

①充满……________   ②迟到________

③到……时候________   ④(闹钟)闹响________

⑤忘记去做某事________  ⑥忘记已做了某事________

二、语法巩固。 (广东省广东中考人教新目标(Go for it)九年级Units10-12教材梳理)

11. You're supposed to shake hands.你们应该握手。

________应该  如:We are supposed to stop smoking. 我们应该停止吸烟。

知识拓展  表示"应该"的词有:should,ought to,be supposed to

12. You should have asked what you were supposed to wear.你本应该问清楚怎么样穿才得体。

句中的should have asked是"情态动词+现在完成时",表示过去本应该做某事,事实上没有做。

如:She ________ Beijing. 她本应该去了北京。(没有去)

13. We don't usually have to make plans to meet our friends.我们拜访朋友不是经常需要有计划的。

make plans to do=plan to do. 打算做某事  如:

She ________ go to Beijing.=She ________ go to Beijing.

14. If someone invites you to meet him or her at home…如果有人邀请你在家见他(她)……

invite sb to do sth. 邀请某人做某事

如:Lily ________.莉莉请我吃晚饭。

15. I find it difficult to remember everything.我发现要记住每一样事是困难的。

it 形式宾语,to后面的是真正宾语。

常见的形式宾语有:find/think + it/them +形容词 to do sth.

如:I think ________ English. 我认为学习英语很难。

16. Sad movies make me cry.悲伤的电影使我哭泣。

make + ________/________原形。

①下雨的天气让我悲伤。Rainy days________.

②柔和的音乐使她轻松。The ________ music ________relaxed.

17. I'd rather go to Blue Ocean because I like to listen to quiet music while I'm eating.我宁愿去蓝海洋,因为我喜欢吃饭的时候听安静的音乐。

①would rather意为"宁愿……",表示句子主语的愿望、选择,后接省去to的不定式。

He________ you in the English Group. 他宁愿加入到你的英语小组中来。

________,bread or rice? 面包和米饭,你更喜欢哪一个?

②如果表示"宁愿(可)……也不愿……"则用句型would rather…than…。

在would rather和than后面所连接的两个对比部分一般要一致。

The brave soldier ________.那个勇敢的士兵宁死不屈。

He________. 他宁愿工作也不愿玩。

They________ his bread.他们宁愿饿死也不愿接受他的面包。

18. To start with,it was raining,and rainy days make me sad. 起初,天在下雨,雨天使我心情很不好。

①________作"首先"解时,在句中常常以插入语的形式出现。

To start with,the computer room must be kept very clean.

首先,计算机工作室必须保持清洁。

Our group had five members,to start with.刚开始,我们小组只有五个人。

② start with可表示"从……开始;先从某事做起",与begin…with是同义词组。反义词组是________ "以……结束"。

The meeting ________ a speech given by the chairman.会议以主席的讲话结束。

He wanted to start/begin with the smallest country and end with the largest one.

他打算先去最小的国家,最后去最大的国家。

③start单独使用时,意为"开始",可用作及物动词或不及物动词。用作及物动词时,其后跟名词、代词,也可跟动词不定式或动名词形式。begin是start的同义词,两者在用法上没有很大差别,只是start侧重动作的突然开始。

As soon as we got there,it started raining.我们一到那儿就下雨了。

When did we start/begin this lesson?我们是什么时候开始讲这一课的?

19. By the time I got back to school,the bell had rung.直到我回到学校,铃已经响了。

________直到……时候

指从过去某一点到从句所示的时间为止的一段时间。如:

By the time we got to his house,he had finished supper.

在我们到达他就已经吃完了晚饭。

20. When I got to school,I realized that I had left my backpack at home.当我到学校的时候,我意识到我把背包落在家里了。

英语中表示"把某物遗忘在某处"常用leave,而不用forget。

如:Unluckily,I ________. 不幸的是,我把书忘在家里了。

三、单项选择。 (广东省广东中考人教新目标(Go for it)九年级Units10-12教材梳理)

21. Excuse me,could you help me? I don't know ________ exchange money.
A . how to B . how C . how can D . how can I
22. ________ his new sunglasses ________ Tony look mysterious.
A . Wears;make B . Wears;makes   C . Wearing;make D . Wearing;makes
23. As students,we are supposed to spend more time ________.
A . study B . studied C . studying D . to study
24. Usually soft colors make people ________.
A . relaxing B . relaxed C . exciting D . excited
25. — What kind of weather do you like?

— I like ________ days because they make me ________.

A . snow;excited B . snowy;exciting C . snow;exciting D . snowy;excited
26. I would rather ________ to small stores to buy something because big supermarkets are crowded with people.
A . going B . go C . to go D . went
27. The new Italian restaurant is expensive,but everybody there try to make the ________ feel happy and relaxed.
A . customers B . music C . movies D . food.
28. Some advertisements tell the ________.
A . true B . real C . trueth D . truth
29. The children were made ___________ homework first.

A . do B . to do C . did D . doing
30. This important meeting started ________ National Song.
A . to B . for C . with D . about
31. His story about ghost (幽灵) made us ________.
A . horrible B . to be horrible   C . being horrible D . to feel horrible
32. He said he would consider ________ them a hand if he was asked for.
A . to give B . give C . giving D . to giving
33. I ________ an expensive gift for my birthday,but I could not ________ it.
A . accepted;received B . received;accept C . accepted;receive D . accept;receive
34. This house is too small for us ________.
A . to live in B . to live C . living to D . lived in
35. — Jim,why didn't you go to Beijing by train?

— Bad luck! When I got to the station,the train ________.

A . left B . had already left C . has already left D . has been left
36. It won't ________ them much time to fly to Beijing from Shanghai.
A . spend B . use C . take D . pay
37. By the time we got there,the film ________ already.
A . began B . has begun C . have begun D . had begun
38. Could you ________ me a ride? The bus has left.
A . give B . get C . take D . pass
39. How long have you ________?
A . got married B . married C . be married D . been married
40. I'm very tired and I want to stop ________ a rest.
A . having B . to have C . has D . to having

四、 完形填空。     (广东省广东中考人教新目标(Go for it)九年级Units10-12教材梳理)

41. 根据短文理解,从A、B、C、D四个选项中选择最佳答案填空。

   Manners are important to happy relations(关系)among people. No one 1 a person with bad manners. A 2 with good manners never laughs at people when they are in trouble. Instead,he 3 to help them. When he asks for something,he says "4." And when he receives something,he 5 says "Thank you". He does not interrupt(打扰) 6 people when they are talking. He does not talk loudly or laugh loudly 7 public. When he sneezes or spits(吐痰),he uses a 8. If you are late,you  9 make an apology (道歉)to the teacher either at the time 10 after class.

五、阅读理解。 (广东省广东中考人教新目标(Go for it)九年级Units10-12教材梳理)

42. 根据材料内容,选择正确答案。   

   Some British and American people like to invite friends for a meal at home. You should not be upset(不安的)if your English friends don't invite you home. It doesn't mean they don't like you. Dinner parties usually start between 7 and 8 p. m. and end at about 11. Ask your hosts what time you should arrive. It's polite to bring flowers,chocolates or a bottle of wine as a gift. Usually the evening starts with drinks and snacks. If you want to be very polite,say how much you like the room,or the pictures on the wall. But remember-it's not polite to ask how much things cost. In many families,the husband sits at one of the table and the wife sits at the other end. They eat with their guests. You'll probably start the meal with soup or something small,then you'll have meat or fish with vegetables,and then dessert followed by coffee. It's polite to finish everything on your plate and to take more if you want it. Did you enjoy the evening? Call your hosts the next day,or write them a short "thank you" letter. British and American people like to say "thank you,thank you,thank you" all the time!

(1) If your English friend doesn't invite you to dinner at home,it doesn't mean he or she ________.
(2) It's impolite ________.
(3) The meal ends with ________ usually.
(4) When you are invited to a dinner party,you'd better ________.
(5) Which of the following is true?

六、短文填空。 (广东省广东中考人教新目标(Go for it)九年级Units10-12教材梳理)

43. 根据短文理解,填入适当的单词。   

   Making friends is a skill. Like most skills,you can improve it if you are patient. If you want to meet people and make friends,you must be willing to take action. You must first go where there are people. You won't make friends staying home ________.

   Joining a club or a group,talking to those who like the same things as you do is much ________. Or join someone in some activity.

   Many people are ________ when talking to new people. After all,meeting strangers means seeing the unknown. And it's human nature to feel a bit unpleasant about the unknown. Most of fears about ________ with new people come from doubts about ourselves. We imagine other people are judging us—finding us too tall or too short,too this or too that. But don't forget that they must be feeling the ________way. Try to accept yourself as you are,and try to make others feel at home. You'll all feel more ________.

   Try to be brave even if you don't feel that way when you ________ a room full of strangers. Walk tall and straight,look directly at other people and smile.

   If you see someone you'd like to speak to,say something. Don't wait for the other person to start a ________.

   Just meeting someone new does not mean that you'll make friends with that person. Friendship is based on mutual (相互的) likings and "give and take". It takes time and effort (精力)for us to ________ friendship. And there are things that stop a new friendship from ________.