广东省广东中考人教新目标(Go for it)八年级下学期Units4-6教材梳理

参考答案

一、熟悉课文重点词汇和短语。 (广东省广东中考人教新目标(Go for it)八年级下学期Units4-6教材梳理)

1. 单词翻译。

①________n. 允许 ②________v. 猜测  ③________n. 协议

④ ________n. 关系 ⑤________v. 交流 ⑥________v. 争吵

⑦________n. 云 ⑧________adj.年纪较大的 ⑨________adv.代替

⑩________pron. 任何

2. 单词翻译。

①________adj. 担心的 ②________v. 主动提出 ③________adv.第二  

④________v. 解释  ⑤________v. 归还 ⑥________n. 成员 

⑦________n. 压力  ⑧________v. 竞争  ⑨________n. 意见 

⑩________n. 技艺

3. 单词翻译。

①________adj.典型的  ②________v. 持续  ③________v. 比较  

④________adj.不理智的 ⑤________n. 发展  ⑥________v. 造成  

⑦________adj.通常的⑧________adv.可能  ⑨________n. 闹钟  

⑩________v. 开始

4. 单词翻译。

① ________adv. 在很大程度上 ②________adv. 突然 ③________adj. 奇特的

④________n. 暴风雨  ⑤________n. 风  ⑥________n. 光线

⑦________n. 报道  ⑧________n. 地区  ⑨________n. 木头

⑩ ________n. 火柴

5. 单词翻译。

①________adj. 睡着 ②________v. 认识到 ③________n. 学生  

④________adv. 完全地  ⑤________adv. 最近  ⑥________n. 塔  

⑦________v. 发射 ⑧________v. 提醒  ⑨ ________n. 物体 

⑩________v. 隐蔽

6. 单词翻译。

①________adj.有神奇力量的  ②________v. 适合  ③________n. 夫妻 

④________v. 笑  ⑤________v. 结婚   ⑥________n. 金子  

⑦________n. 丝绸  ⑧ ________v. 欺骗  ⑨________n. 妻子  

⑩________adv.光亮地

7. 短文翻译。

①允许某人做某事________ ②与朋友一起闲逛________

③与某人打架________ ④对某人说再见________

⑤归还给某人________ ⑥生某人的气________

⑦与……交流________ ⑧同意某人的建议________

8. 短文翻译。

①提供帮助________ ②处理好关系________

③向……解释________ ④与……争吵________

⑤担心________    ⑥在某人看来________

⑦等公共汽车 ________    ⑧醒来 ________

9. 短文翻译。

①(闹铃)发出响声 ________    ②接电话________

③睡着________     ④确信 ________

⑤至今为止________ ⑥淋湿________

⑦忙于做某事________ ⑧在雨中 ________

10. 短文翻译。

①全天________ ②进入梦乡________

③ 一团糟________  ④沉默________

⑤讲真话________ ⑥听说________

⑦收到某人的信________ ⑧做……感到惊讶________

二、语法巩固。 (广东省广东中考人教新目标(Go for it)八年级下学期Units4-6教材梳理)

11. Why don't you talk to your parents? 你为什么不与你的父母谈谈?

点拨:Why don't you do sth.?

同义句式有: ________ ________ ________

12. My parents don't allow me to hang out with my friends. 我父母不允许我与朋友们闲逛。

点拨:允许某人做某事:________

13. I got into a fight with my best friends. 我和最好的朋友打架了。

点拨:________意为 "与某人打架"。同义短语有________,________。

14. However,the tired children don't get home until after 7:00 p. m. 然而,疲劳的孩子们直到晚上7点后才回到家里。

点拨:________ 意为"直到……才"。通常主句用一般将来时,从句用一般现在时态。

15. It's time for homework. 是做作业的时候了。

点拨:________意为"是做某事的时候了"。

也可以表达为________。

16. What were you doing when the rainstorm came? 当暴风雨来的时候你正在做什么?

点拨:________意为"当……时候",后面通常接时间点,从句中谓语动词用短暂性动词。另外,while,意为"当……时候", 后面只能接一段时间,不能接时间点,其引导的从句的动作或状态往往与主句的动作同时发生。

While we were walking home,it began to rain.= ________

17. Robert and his friends were surprised to hear the news. 罗伯特和他的朋友们听到这个消息很惊讶。

点拨:________意为"做某事感到惊讶"。

拓展:让某人惊讶的是:________

18. As soon as the man finished speaking,Yu Gong said that his family could continue to move the mountains after he died. 这个人刚一说完,愚公就说在他死后他的家人会继续移山。

点拨:________意为"一……就……"。当主句用一般将来时,从句用一般现在时。与其相关的短语:________意为"尽快地"。

19. This story reminds us that you can never know what's possible unless you try to make it happen. 这个故事提醒我们,除非你尽力使它发生了,否则你永远也不会知道什么事情是可能的。

点拨:________意为"除非,如果不",引导条件状语从句,这是否定的含义,相当于________。如:

My sister never cries unless she is hungry. =________

三、单项选择。 (广东省广东中考人教新目标(Go for it)八年级下学期Units4-6教材梳理)

20. You ________ wear sports shoes when you climb a mountain.
A . can't B . shouldn't C . mustn't D . have to
21. On school nights,my parents don't allow me ________ out.
A . go B . going C . to go D . went
22. Maria ________ well with her classmates.
A . gets up B . gets off C . gets on D . gets to
23. ________ give them some good books?
A . Why don't B . What about C . Why don't you D . Would you like
24. Please stop talking. It's time ________ class.
A . at B . to C . in D . for
25. This morning I had hardly got to my school when it ________ to rain.
A . had begun B . was beginning C . began D . begins
26. — Did you see Mr Black just now?

— Yes. He ________ his car when I met him.

A . parked B . was parking C . parks D . will park
27. Eddie was sleeping ________ Millie was reading a magazine.
A . until B . while C . before D . after
28. His sister couldn't fall ________ before the big exam.
A . sleep B . sleepy C . asleep D . sleeping
29. Paul went home ________ his parents ________ silence.
A . with;in B . in;with C . at;at D . at;in
30. To tell the ________,I didn't go to the party.
A . true B . truth C . cloud D . light
31. Let's go fishing ________ staying at home.
A . instead B . instead of C . rather D . better than
32. His parents got ________ two years ago.
A . marry B . marrying C . married D . to marry
33. My brother and I ________ in a poor village.
A . was born B . born C . are born D . were born
34. The girl is very ________ to tell her parents about the truth.
A . silly B . boring C . weak D . brave
35. My sister has a beautiful ________ and she sings very well.
A . noise B . sound C . voice D . noises
36. Keep ________ along the street and you can find the shop on your left.
A . walked B . to walk C . walk D . walking
37. His first book ________ in 2008.
A . went out B . got out C . tried out D . came out
38. I won't go to the meeting ________ I'm invited.
A . but B . if C . unless D . when
39. The book is ________ for the kids to read. They love it very much.
A . interesting enough B . enough interesting C . easy enough D . enough easy

四、完形填空。    (广东省广东中考人教新目标(Go for it)八年级下学期Units4-6教材梳理)

40. 根据短文理解,从A、B、C、D四个选项中选择最佳答案填空。

   At about 1:00 o'clock in the morning,I was hanging out with three friends. After walking for a long time,we all felt very 1. We wanted to find a 2 to have something on the street,but I knew that most restaurants were 3 by this time. At last,at the end of Business Street,I found a restaurant that was still open. It was a Chinese restaurant for 4. I was told that Chinese people are hard­working. That's 5 true. This restaurant wasn't too big,but it was clean and beautiful. The kitchen's door and 6 were made of glass. You could 7 the cooks working on your food.

   We 8 four bowls of noodles with some mutton and eggs. The noodles were delicious. I thought that the noodles were the nicest ones I had ever eaten. There were five Chinese 9 working there. They served us happily. They talked a lot,smiled a lot and invited us to come back. We told them we would tell our friends about their noodles. They were very 10.

五、阅读理解。 (广东省广东中考人教新目标(Go for it)八年级下学期Units4-6教材梳理)

41. 根据材料内容,选择正确答案。   

   "Homestay is a form of study abroad program. It allows the visitor to rent a room from a local family to better understand the local lifestyle. It also helps to improve the visitor's language ability," said a teacher during a school meeting last term. "Students who wish to learn more about foreign cultures or to get foreign experience should join this kind of holiday. I am sure you won't be disappointed."

   After this special meeting,I always thought about this kind of holiday. Last month,I had a chance at last to go on such a holiday with some of my schoolmates and we went to London,a place where I had wanted to go since years ago.

   As we were still young,we had a group leader who planned things for us and looked after us. After we got to London,we went to stay with different families. I was lucky that my host family was a white couple who had a daughter about my age. They treated me as a daughter of their family during my stay there. They were interested in me and I learned a lot of things from them,too.

   The holiday was filled with activities every day. After breakfast,a local teacher would come to take us in his car. Then we would have classes or go on a sightseeing trip to different places of interest like the Big Ben,the London Bridge,and the Buckingham Palace. We would go back to our own homes after the activities

   The holiday was a valuable experience for me. I enjoyed every minute of it. Yet,time really flew fast. Three weeks later,we had to leave "home" for Hong Kong.

(1) In the "homestay" program,a visitor can ________.
(2) The writer had wanted to visit London since ________.
(3) The group leader should ________.
(4) The writer's host family ________.
(5) From the passage,we know that the writer ________in London.