广东省广东中考人教新目标(Go for it)八年级下学期Units 1-3教材梳理

参考答案

一、熟悉课文重点词汇和短语。 (广东省广东中考人教新目标(Go for it)八年级下学期Units 1-3教材梳理)

1. 单词翻译。

①________n. 事情 ②________n. 胃痛 ③________n. 颈,脖子

④________n. 胃,腹部 ⑤________n. 咽喉,喉咙 ⑥________n. 发烧

⑦________v. 平躺  ⑧________n. &v. 咳嗽  ⑨________n. 牙痛

⑩________n. 头痛

2. 单词翻译。

①________v. 疼痛,受伤 ②________n. 乘客  ③________v. 击,打 

④________pron. 她自己  ⑤________adj. 生病的  ⑥________n. 膝盖  

⑦________n. 情况  ⑧________n. 岩石 ⑨________n. 刀  ⑩________n. 血

3. 单词翻译。

①________v. 意思是 ②________n. 重要性 ③________n. 决定

④________n. 死 ⑤________v. 义务做,志愿者 ⑥________n. 标志  

⑦________n. &v. 通知 ⑧________adj. 孤独的  ⑨________pron. 几个  

⑩________adj.强烈的

4. 单词翻译。

①________n. 感觉 ②________n. 满足 ③________n. 高兴

④________n. 物主,主人 ⑤________n. 旅行  ⑥________v. 征集

⑦________adv.独自  ⑧________v. 修理,修补  ⑨________v. 修理,安装

⑩________adj.破损的

5. 单词翻译。

①________adj.残疾的  ②________adj.瞎的 ③________adj.聋的

④________v. 想象  ⑤________n. 困难 ⑥________v. 拿  

⑦________n. 训练  ⑧________adj.激动的 ⑨________n. 仁慈  

⑩________adj.聪明的

6. 单词翻译。

①________n. 垃圾 ②________v. 折叠  ③________v. 扫 

④________adj.不整洁 ⑤________ v. 扔  ⑥________v. 借用  

⑦________ n. 手指 ⑧________v. 讨厌  ⑨________ n. 杂物 

⑩________n. 浪费

7. 单词翻译。

①________v. 提供   ②________v. 发展   ③________ adj.公平的

④________n. 邻居  ⑤________v. 落下

8. 短语翻译。

①躺下休息________ ②量体温________

③发烧________ ④休息________

⑤下车________ ⑥令某人惊讶的是________

⑦考虑________ ⑧马上________

⑨摔倒________ ⑩习惯于做……________

9. 短语翻译。

①用完________ ②切除________

③放弃________ ④打扫干净________

⑤变得高兴________ ⑥分发________

⑦想出________ ⑧推迟________

⑨试验,试用________ ⑩张帖________

10. 短语翻译。

①至少________ ②赠送________

③倒垃圾________   ④整理床铺________

⑤叠衣服________   ⑥熬夜________

二、语法巩固。 (广东省广东中考人教新目标(Go for it)八年级下学期Units 1-3教材梳理)

11. What's the matter? 怎么了?

点拨:询问病情的句型:________ ________ ________

12. — Does he have a toothache?他牙疼吗?

— Yes,he does.是的,他牙疼。

— He should see a dentist and get an X­ray.他应该去看牙医并拍一张X片。

点拨:①常见的描述病情的短语:

________感冒/发烧  

________头疼/牙疼/胃疼  

________背疼/喉疼

②________意为:"拍一张X片"相当于 take an X­ray

13. He expected most or all of the passengers to get off and wait for the next bus. 他期望大多数或所有乘客下车等下一辆公交车。

点拨:①expect 为及物动词,意为"期盼"。常用短语:________期盼某物,________期盼做某事,________期盼某人做某事。如:

I expect to get a birthday present from my dad.

Do you expect him to teach you English?

②________意为"下车", 其反义词为________"上车"。

14. But to his surprise,they all agreed to go with him. 但是让他惊讶的是,他们都同意与他一起去。

点拨:①________意为"让某人惊讶的是"。相似的结构:________让某人高兴的是,________让某人失望的是。

如:To my disappointment,I didn't pass the exam.

②________意为"同意做某事"。

如:He didn't agree to give his son so much money.

15. Thanks to Mr. Wang and the passengers,the doctors saved the man in time. 多亏了王师傅和乘客们,医生们及时救了这个人。

点拨:①thanks to为介词短语, thanks不可以改为 thank you,to后面不可接动词原形,可接名词代词动词等。此短语表示原因,意为"多亏了"。

Thanks to the English language,we can learn a lot from other countries.

②________意为"及时",________意为"按时"。

如:

We were just in time for the bus.

The train arrived at the station on time.

16. Aron is used to taking risks. 阿伦习惯于冒险。

点拨:________意为"习惯于做某事",其中 to为介词,后面接名词代词或动名词作宾语。如:Linda is used to getting up early.

辨析:________习惯于做某事

________过去常常做某事

________被用于做某事

17. But when his water ran out,he knew that he would have to do something to save his own life.但是当他的水用完的时候,他知道他必须做一些事情来救自己的命。

辨析:

________和________这两个短语都有"用完"的意思,但用法不同。run out作不及物动词短语,表示"被用完", 其主语通常是时间,金钱,食物等无生命的名词。而run out of则是及物动词短语,表示主动意义,主语是人。如:

His money ran out.

He has run out of red ink.

18. His love for mountain climbing is so great that he kept on climbing mountains even after this experience. 他如此热爱爬山以至于在这次经历后依然继续爬山。

点拨:①________意为"如此……以至于……"。

He is so young that he can't go to school.

②________为动词短语,意为"坚持做某事"。

He kept on studying until 11:00 last night.

19. Volunteering our time to help these people is a good way to spend our free time. 志愿帮助这些人是一种度过我们闲暇时间的好方式。

点拨:Volunteering our time to help these people是动名词短语,在句子中作主语,谓语动词用单数形式。如:

Helping others ________ (make) me feel happy.

三、单项选择。 (广东省广东中考人教新目标(Go for it)八年级下学期Units 1-3教材梳理)

20. — What's the matter ________ you?

— My back hurts.

A . with B . for C . at D . on
21. — How are you?

— I'm feeling ________.

A . good B . well C . better D . fun
22. There is a pen ________ on the floor;whose is it?
A . lie B . putting C . lying D . lieing
23. You are always angry,maybe you have ________ "yang".
A . too B . too many C . much too D . too much
24. David ________ a stomachache. So he ________ eat anything 24 hours.
A . has;should B . has;shouldn't C . have;shouldn't D . have;should
25. He looks sad. Let's cheer him ________.
A . up B . in C . out D . at
26. I ________ some clothes to charity because they are too small for me.
A . take after B . hang out C . give away D . put off
27. Now I spend time ________ what I love to do.
A . to do B . doing C . do D . did
28. After my teacher gave me a lesson,I didn't do that ________.
A . any B . more C . any more D . no more
29. — Could I look at your picture?

— Yes,of course you ________.

A . could B . can C . will D . would
30. The radio is too loud;please ________.
A . turn it up B . turn it down C . turn down it D . turn up it
31. — Can I talk to you for a minute?

— Sure,I have ________ time.

A . a few B . little C . a little D . few
32. — Jim,come out. Let's go to play football.

— Sorry. I'm ________ a math problem.

A . working out B . working on C . working for D . working with
33. My grandma ________ us stories when I was young.
A . was used to tell B . is used to telling C . used to tell D . used to telling
34. After climbing the hill,I was ________ tired ________ I could hardly walk.
A . so;that B . such;that C . so;as D . as;that
35. He found himself in danger when ________ in Utah.
A . climbed B . to climb C . climbing D . climbs
36. I was ________ at the ________ news.
A . surprised;surprising B . surprising;surprising C . surprised;surprised D . surprising;surprised
37. A ________ rock fell on him when he was climbing.
A . 360-­kilo-­heavy B . 360­-kilos-­heavy C . 360 kilos heavy D . 360 kilo heavy
38. Tigers are ___________ now because people kill them for fur and money.
A . in danger B . dangerous C . in the danger D . in danger of
39. — Could I use your car,please?

— ________.

A . Sorry,you couldn't B . OK C . Yes,you could D . Please ask your mother

四、阅读理解。 (广东省广东中考人教新目标(Go for it)八年级下学期Units 1-3教材梳理)

40. 根据短文理解,从A、B、C、D四个选项中选择正确答案填空。

   Healthy eating doesn't just mean what you eat,but how you eat. Here is some advice on healthy eating.

   Eat with others. It can help you to see others' healthy eating habits. If you usually eat with your parents,you will find that the food you eat is more delicious.

Listen to your body. Ask yourself if you are really hungry. Have a glass of water to see if you are thirsty—sometimes you are just thirsty,you need no food. Stop eating before you feel full.

   Eat breakfast. Breakfast is the most important meal of the day. After you don't eat for the past ten hours,your body needs food. You will be smarter after eating breakfast.

   Eat healthy snacks like fruits,yogurt or cheese. We all need snacks sometimes. In fact,it's a good idea to eat two healthy snacks between your three meals. This doesn't mean that you can eat a bag of chips instead of a meal.

   Don't eat dinner late. With our busy life,we always put off eating dinner until the last minute. Try to eat dinner at least 3 hours before you go to bed. This will give your body a chance to digest most of the food before you rest for the next 8-10 hours.

(1) The writer gives us ________ pieces of advice on healthy eating.
(2) Which snack is Not mentioned in the passage?
(3) Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage?
(4) The underlined(画线) word "digest" means "________" in Chinese.
(5) The passage mainly tells us________.