广东省广东中考人教新目标(Go for it)八年级上学期Units 7-10教材梳理

参考答案

一、熟悉课文重点词汇和短语。 (广东省广东中考人教新目标(Go for it)八年级上学期Units 7-10教材梳理)

1. 单词翻译。

①________n. 污染;污染物  ②________n. 未来  ③________v. 污染

④ ________n. 环境 ⑤________n. 行星  ⑥________v种植,n.植物

⑦ ________n. 和平 ⑧________n. 空间;太空 ⑨________adv.甚至;愈加

⑩________n. 人;人类adj.人的

2. 单词翻译。

①________adj.危险的  ②________adv.已经③________n. 工厂 

④________v. 相信  ⑤________v. 不同意⑥________n. 形状

⑦________v. 倒塌;跌倒 ⑧________adj.不可能的

⑨ ________v. 倒;倾倒  ⑩________n. 酸奶

3. 单词翻译。

①________n. 蜂蜜 ②________n. 勺,调羹 ③________v. 增加 

④________adv.最后,最终 ⑤ ________n. 糖  ⑥________n. 干酪,奶酪

⑦________n. 玉米,谷物 ⑧________n. 机器  ⑨________n. 三明治 

⑩________n. 黄油,奶油

4. 单词翻译。

① ________n. 段;片;块  ②________adj.传统的  ③________n. 旅行者

④________n. 英格兰;英国  ⑤________v. 庆祝;庆贺 

⑥________n. 甜椒;柿子椒  ⑦ ________v. 遮盖,n.盖子  

⑧________v. 接待,服务   ⑨________n. 温度,气候

⑩________v. 悬挂;(使)低垂

5. 单词翻译。

①________v. 赶上;抓住 ②________adj.可得到的;有空的

③________v. 邀请   ④________v. 接受  ⑤________v. 拒绝

⑥ ________v. 回答,回复  ⑦________v. 删除 

⑧________n. 准备,准备工作 ⑨________n. 开幕式,落成典礼 

⑩________n. 客人

6. 单词翻译。

①________n. 音乐会 ② ________n. 校长 ③________n. 日历,日程表  

④________n. 大事;公开活动; 比赛项目  ⑤________v. 组织,筹备 

⑥________adj.难过,失望 ⑦________n. 劝告,建议 ⑧________adj.正常的

⑨________conj.除非,如果不 ⑩________adv.当然,肯定

7. 单词翻译。

①________adj.担心的,烦恼的  ②________adj.粗心的,不小心的  

③________adj.善解人意的 ④________v. 相信,信任 

⑤________n. 错误,失误   ⑥________adj.小心的,细致的

⑦________v. 解决;解答 ⑧________v. 步,步骤  ⑨________n. 经历

8. 短语翻译。

①在地球上________  ②参与某事________

③在未来________   ④许多;成百上千________

⑤与……一样________  ⑥多次;反复地________

⑦感到厌烦的________ ⑧倒塌________

9. 短语翻译。

①接通(电流、煤气等)________ ②把……倒入……________

③用……把……装满________ ④用……覆盖……________

⑤为……做准备________  ⑥去看医生________

⑦前天________ ⑧照看;照顾________

10. 短语翻译。

①盼望;期待________ ②待在家里________

③ 犯错误________ ④玩得开心________

⑤给某人提一些建议________  ⑥努力工作________

⑦生某人的气________   ⑧解决问题________

二、语法练习。 (广东省广东中考人教新目标(Go for it)八年级上学期Units 7-10教材梳理)

11. Do you think there will be robots in people's homes?你认为在人们家里会有机器人吗?

There will be + 主语 + 其他:将会有……=There is/are going to be+主语 + 其他。

例如:将会有更多的钱花。________

今天下午将会有一场篮球比赛。________

12. Today there are already robots working in factories.今天在工厂里已经有机器人在工作了。

There is/are + sb. + doing sth. 有……正在做……

例如:操场上有很多男孩子正在踢足球。________

13. But I want to live on the earth.但我想住在地球上。

on the earth 在地球上,作地点状语,位于句首或句末。on earth 究竟,到底。用于疑问句或副词后,加强语气。

All the living things ________ depend on the sun. 地球上所有的生物都依靠太阳。

What ________do you mean? 你到底是什么意思?

14. Here is one way to make turkey for a Thanksgiving dinner.这是一种为感恩节大餐做火鸡的方法。

在here,there 开头的倒装句中,谓语动词与后面的名词在数上保持一致。

例如:看,来了两辆公共汽车。________

15. Turn on the blender.打开搅拌机。

turn on 打开,接通(电源,气,水),反义词是turn off.

turn up/turn down 调高/低音量

例如:天太黑了,请开灯。________

她离开房间时把灯关了。________

16. Next,fill the turkey with this bread mix.接下来,用面包混合物填满火鸡。

fill with 用……填充…… be filled with=be full of 充满……

例如:这个男孩用沙子装满了这个瓶子。________

这个袋子装满了衣服。________

17. When it's ready,place the turkey on a large plate…准备好了的时候,把火鸡放在一个大盘子里……

get/be ready意为"准备好",强调准备的结果。常见结构有:

①be ready(for sth.) ②get sth ready

③be get ready to do(准备干某事,乐于干某事)

We ________ the mid­term examination.我们为期中考试做好了准备。

Miss Li said,"Everyone should ________before class.

李老师说:"每个同学都应该在课前做好准备。"

18. …and cover it with gravy.……用肉汁把它覆盖。

点拨:________ 用……把……覆盖 ________被……所覆盖

cover n. 封面,盖子。

Ann covered her face with her hands.The cover of the magazine is nice.

19. I look forward to hearing from you all.我期待收到你们所有人的来信。

①________期待,盼望,to 是介词,后跟名词,代词或动名词作宾语。

②________收到某人的来信=receive a letter from sb.

③hear of=hear about 听说

三、单项选择。 (广东省广东中考人教新目标(Go for it)八年级上学期Units 7-10教材梳理)

20. ________woman in red lives in ________ apartment with three rooms.
A . The;an B . A;the C . The;a D . A;an
21. — When was Michael Jackson born?

— He was born in Indiana ________ August 29th,1958.

A . at B . in C . on D . for
22. The students want to ask for ________ off.
A . ten day's B . ten days C . ten­-days' D . ten days'
23. ________ the party,we sang a song together.
A . In the end B . At the end C . In the end of D . At the end of
24. I'm going to move ________ next year.
A . somewhere interesting B . interesting somewhere C . an interesting place D . a place interesting
25. When my grandmother was ________,she was very ________.
A . alive;alive B . loving;loving C . alive;loving D . loving;alive
26. — ________do you exercise?

— I exercise three times a week.

A . How often B . How many days C . How usually D . How much
27. I'm not full. Could I have ________ cake?
A . other B . the other C . another D . the another
28. — It's dark(黑的) now,and I can't see anything.

— The light is behind the door,you can ________.

A . open it B . turn on it C . turn it off D . turn it on
29. I have a ________ daughter,and she is a middle school student.
A . thirteen-years-old B . three­-year­-old C . twelve­-year-old D . fourteen­-year old
30. Would you like to show ________?
A . we our photos B . your photoes to us C . your photos for us D . us your photos
31. Hot tea ________ honey is good ________ you.
A . with;for B . in;to C . as;for D . with;to
32. There ________ a football match this afternoon.
A . have B . has C . is going to have D . is going to be
33. The twins usually leave ________ home ________ school very early.
A . to;for B . for;to C . from;to D . /;for
34. Don't forget ________ the door before you go to bed.
A . close B . to closing C . to close D . closing
35. The Changjiang River is one of ________ in the world.
A . the longest river B . the longest rivers C . the longer river D . longest river
36. I often eat ________ vegetables and sleep ________.
A . a lot;a lot B . a lot of;a lot C . a lot of;a lot of D . a lot;a lot of
37. — Does Mr Hill have a bad cold?

— ________. He can't go to school until next week.

A . I think so B . I think it C . I think not D . I don't think so
38. It takes ________ half an hour ________on my bike.
A . me;to ride home B . them;to ride to home C . his;riding home D . he;ride to home
39. My friend has ________ hair than me,and he's ________ than me.
A . long;outgoing B . more longer;more outgoing C . longer;more outgoing D . longer;outgoing

四、完形填空。 (广东省广东中考人教新目标(Go for it)八年级上学期Units 7-10教材梳理)

40. 根据短文理解,从A、B、C、D四个选项中选择最佳答案填空。

   There is nobody in the world the same 1 you. You are unique (独特唯一的)! Everybody is 2 from everyone else. That is good! 3 it makes the world an interesting place.

   There are people taller 4 you,and shorter than you. Maybe your hair is the same color as your friend's hair,but maybe it is longer than 5. Another difference is your hair may be straight,hers may be curly.

   I am sure you have some friends who are 6 than you. And you also have some friends,they are as 7 at sports as you. But there are also people around you who are not good at some things.

    8 does your best friend look like? Do you both 9 to finish your homework at school? Do you both want to wear the same clothes every day? I think 10 some ways you are the same,but in many other ways you are different. So say loudly to the world,"I am who I am—I'm unique!"